Business Studies, Grade 10 – 12, content is divided into four main topics, which are divided further into sub-topics as below. The amount of information that needs to be learned in Business Studies can feel overwhelming, especially to Grade 12 learners. Breaking it down into such categories makes it easier to digest.

The longer sections of the examination papers are also divided into these four topics, so it helps to familiarise yourself with them. Whenever you start a new topic in your Business Studies class, every term, find out which of the main topics it falls under. This will give you an idea of how your exam papers, including the final exam, will be structured.

The information provided here is according to the South African National Curriculum Statements (NCS) Grades R – 12.


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The Four Main Topics of Business Studies

Business Environment (Weighting 25%)

  • Micro, market and macro environments
  • Business sectors
  • Contemporary socioeconomic issues

Business Venture (Weighting 25%)

  • Entrepreneurship
  • Business opportunity and related factors
  • Business Plan
  • Management and Leadership
  • Forms of ownership
  • Setting up a business
  • Contracts
  • Business location
  • Investment: securities and insurance
  • Presentation of business information

Business Role (Weighting 25%)

Business Operation (Weighting 25%)

  • Business functions
  • Quality of performance

Other Useful Resources